What Are Zeolites?

Zeolites are naturally occurring minerals created from volcanic activity. Their unique honeycomb lattice frame work of hydrogen, oxygen, aluminum and silicon creates special properties. These attribute make them uniquely suited for gas adsorption, and ion exchange.  These characteristics make natural zeolites extremely useful in a wide variety of industries.


  • Odor control - adsorbing harmful ammonia, ammonium and hydrogen sulfide.
  • Soil Amendment - reduces the chance of ammonium toxicity and provide a mechanism to release potassium and ammonium into the soil.
  • Sewage - high cation exchange capacity for selected cations.
  • Slurry -helps maintain fluid consistency and composting capabilities
  • Fish Farming - removes ammonium, breakdowns bacteria, produces enriched oxygenated water, feed supplement.
  • Heat Storage & Refrigeration – ability to hydrate and dehydrate while maintaining structure


  • Natural
  • Economical
  • Highly Efficient
  • Composts
  • Flexible

The uses of zeolites are seemly endless with new uses being discovered constantly. This mineral is a versatile, organic, environmentally sound and cost effective product. Call today to learn more about zeolites for your business.

There are different types of zeolites, each with unique properties i.e. crystalline structure, cation exchange capacity and chemical composition, as well as, the physical differences of bulk density, hardness, attrition resistence and specific qualities impacted by associated mineral impurities unique to each deposit.

While the percentage of zeolite, and therefore, purity, might be thought to be the defining factor in determining the quality of a natural zeolite, such is not the case when  it comes to the application of the zeolite. In practice, the performance of a natural zeolite in a given application may actually be enhanced by what might otherwise be throught of as an impurity.

The type and quantity of the impurities associated with the zeolite in a given deposit include various clays, feldspars, calcite, volcanic glass and silica sand is extremely important. Such associated minerals have an effect, for good or bad, on the performance of a zeolite for a given application. Thus, the importance of the fact that no commercially exploitable natural zeolite deposit is purely zeolite, can not be over stressed.

It is for this reason that we own a number of different zeolite deposits and operate in strategic alliance with other zeolite producers in order to assure access to the zeolite capable of achieving the best performance for your business’s application.

Our Zeolites
Steelhead Specialty Minerals zeolites primarily come from two sources owned by Steelhead Specialty Minerals
Ferrierite and Mordenite come from deposits of the Nevada Specialty Minerals Mines, Clinoptilolite comes from the Mudhills Minerals, LTD Mine.

photos courtesy of
Phillip S. Neuhoff

© copyright 2009 Steelhead Specialty Minerals